"Video game play is a form of neuro-feedback, Owens says, which teaches patients to self-regulate brain-wave patterns to improve learning."Henry Owens is a Melbourne, Florida clinical psychologist who has a patented video game, using NASA technology. I would be interested to read a write-up about this in a scientific journal, where they explore exactly how it works - but, this is a good starting point.
Credit to Jason Robinson for the link to Slashdot. "Zonk" posted this piece on slashdot.
You can read more about the company Smart Brain Games here.